Assignment 4: Reading and Reviewing

Assignments, Change By Design

Assignment Four

World Wide Web Page

Caroline Westbrook- “Playing video games together considered ‘quality time’ for children to bond with older generations”.

When reading this article, I found it to be mainly evidence based as the writer doesn’t include any of her own personal opinions. The article clearly showed that research was carried out to test the theory of how video games are classed as great ‘quality time’ for the younger and older generations. The main purpose of this article was to confirm that video gaming is considered quality time for families as well as being very beneficial in providing different skills. When this article was written, I think that the key question that the writer addressed was: do video games count as quality family time? Or are they taking away child social interactions. There is a lot of important information displayed and I think that because this article is mainly evidenced based, it guarantees accurate and honest information. Therefore, it gains the trust of its readers.  The writer focuses on one main research study that was conducted by Goldsmiths University and PopCap gaming company.  This study, held by Goldsmiths University in London, tested to see if there was a social connection made between both generations whilst playing or after playing video games. The study showed that when the older generation played video games with their children, grandchildren etc it had connected them socially and therefore had improved their social skills. It showed that playing video games unites both generations and it creates a fun and sociable environment thus making it easier to connect with their children or grandchildren.

“The fact that both parents and grandparents are using games to connect with their children and grandchildren, and quite successfully, suggests that video games can improve social skills and make a key contribution to both effective parenting and child development.”

PopCap is a successful gaming company  that offers a wide variety of games ranging from more classical games such as Bejewelled to the more recent, Plants Vs.  Zombies. PopCap are successfully helping the elderly come to grips with technology as they include more classical games that the older generation may have known or played before. PopCap games are now available on smartphones such as: iPhone. Android, Blackberry etc. This makes them more available to all generations and further connects them.

“Around 27 per cent of those who took part in the study said their children borrowed their smartphone or tablet device every day to play casual games.”

I think that this information relates to ‘The Social Centre’ very well as it links in perfectly to what topics arose from our team discussions. The particular topic that fits for this article though is one of our main brainstorming ideas about technology and the elderly. The younger generation is much more advanced in technology such as computers, games, mobile phones etc and as a group; we thought that “The Social Centre” would be a great place where the older generation could learn new skills or further develop their own existing knowledge on a particular subject. So we thought that demonstrations or classes on technology for the older generation, taught by the younger generation, would really help connect them more socially and improve vital social skills. Also, as part of some events or even just for fun, the younger generation could use their smartphones to connect to the older generation through the world of mobile phone gaming. The writer concludes this article on a high and really conveys the future of technology very well. This article ends with a quotation from the Senior Director of International PR, Cathy Orr, at PopCap gaming company and she explains that video gaming has become as popular as going to the movies and listening to music. She explains that it is making its way into the family lifestyle and will be the new format for family favourite board games. This could be something that could work very effectively in “The Social Centre” because it would unite both generations very easily. Now that DVD games are available, it makes it even easier for the older generation to come to terms with the games that are available to them. Moreover, some of these games, such as quiz games, involve some input from the older and younger generations together as there is a wide variety of questions. I think that the most important key concepts I would need to fully understand this article would be to investigate more into the study that was referred to for this article and how the writer relates to her chosen topic. I didn’t think she mentioned her own opinion on the article however; it would be interesting to see what she thinks about the overall topic.  I think that if I were to think about the consequences of this article if its readers chose to ignore it, I think that the world of gaming would still be just as popular. Games are advertised in most advertisements nowadays and with their high graphics and exciting music to follow, it is inevitable that they are become more and more popular. In terms of “The Social Centre” I think that it would be vital to include some form of gaming. Both the older and younger generations could both enjoy playing games together and could also learn new skills from each other whilst they play.

Book. Nancy Frey – “Productive group work: how to engage with students, build teamwork and promote understanding”

The main purpose of this book I think is to promote the benefits of group working and how they can be applied within education/different environments. The key question that is addressed I think is how can we engage students, build up team working skills and promote somewhat of understanding. I think group working is very important and very useful within the learning environment. I find that with group working, it is easier to approach something that may be challenging or something that requires a lot of different views or ideas. Group working I think helps the participants socialize better as well because you are constantly discussing what has to be down for your specific project or topic. There are various pieces of important information shown throughout this article but one of the sources I will mention is near the beginning of the book. I think it’s really effective and shows a clear understanding to why group work is very beneficial in a learning environment. There was a test that was set to different groups and each group had to research a different food source. They had access to the internet and a collection of books that related to what they had been researching.  The group had to summarise all of their research and each member had to at least write one sentence about their topic/findings. Moreover, each student had to write in a different coloured ink as well as being able to explain the contents of their paper to a teacher in an interview or discussion. For the result of this study, there was a paragraph made out of each students sentences about their topic and in the book, it is shown in different fonts to display each students contribution and ideas in their group. Overall, the test was successful as this one paragraph showed all of the information needed about their given food source. It shows the collaborative knowledge of the students working together and sharing key pieces of information.

In context of “The Social Centre”, team-working would be a major part of what it is we want to achieve within this environment. When we discussed how we could unite both the younger and older generations, working together and group work was always a key part of this project. We wanted to unite both generations via different events such as: music nights, movie nights, exercise classes and so on. Therefore, team work is a vital role in “The Social Centre”.

Group working within the education environment also has its disadvantages because not all group working can be successful. However, one of the main reasons to why group working isn’t as successful as it could be is that the students are more aware of failure. When put in a group, it is usually to solve a problem, make a product, a design solution and so on but usually once the group has started to get into their projects, only a couple of members of the group seem to take the lead whilst the others sit in the background. Therefore, this puts a lot of pressure amongst the leaders of the group as well as making the others feel in adequate. This is one of the reasons why teaching staff have not included it as much within the learning environment. Therefore, there has to be positive interdependence created because for a group to work, each member has to communicate, take part and convey their own ideas. Other ways to create this would be:

  • Goals –assigning a different task to each member and that task would require them to participate and work together with the group.
  • Resources –giving each member something to look at, say an article, game etc.  This could insure that each team member is given a unique piece of information that they can then present to the group.
  • Roles – giving each group member a specific role in which they are responsible for.
  • Rewards – a means of making the group much more sociable and offering breaks from continuous work. Also, could be something to do with each member, for example, one group member could be the motivator and try and give their group more motivate to carry on with the task. This would be a very effective tool in “The Social Centre” because this could help the generations to further connect with each other as well as keep up with the different events available.

For the social centre, I think that making sure each generation contributed in each activity to what they feel comfortable with in order to achieve a more sociable and relaxed environment.

My Thoughts …

I found both equally as interesting as each other. However, I preferred the first article “Playing video games together considered ‘quality time’ for children to bond with older generations” in the Daily Mail. I found that one easier to relate to as I myself have been in a very similar situation. I agree totally with the article because when my sister and I were younger, we played videos games quite a lot and both of our parents would join in with us at times. Therefore, I can relate to this article well. I think video gaming is a great family bonding experience because everyone will be having fun and the atmosphere is more relaxed. It then encourages all family members to socialize and work together as a group (multiplayer options) in both the video game and environment. If parents chose to ignore this, I think that they would lose a small connection with their child because gaming is something many children find enjoyable and if their parents chose not to participate or worse, refuse their children of their right to play a game; it could lead to disruptions in the family environment. I was reading another article from my last assignment and I feel that it relates very well with this article at the moment because it’s discussing the benefits of the elderly using video gaming technology. The article is “Elderly Keeping fit with the Wii” found on I found this article really interesting because it is again, something that I feel I can again relate to. Furthermore, I think that the Wii Fit is a fantastic way of keeping fit because you get to experience different types of exercise that may have not been available before or that you had never tried like yoga, for instance. Furthermore, you are in control of how intense you would like each fitness exercise to be. It also offers small games that can improve balance posture etc. There was a study carried out by the residents of a care home run by Helen McArdle Care. For this study, they gave this care home a Wii fit with several controllers and tested to see how the residents would react to it. It was all a success! They all loved the Wii and said to have found it very fun and encouraged more people to socialise with each other.

“It’s the first time I’ve ever seen one of these things, let alone played one, but it is great fun […] It’s much better than television, it’s more interesting and everybody gets involved” Jim Fisher, a resident in Hartlepool

“I’m really enjoying it. It’s given me the opportunity to socialise with the residents and staff and to get to know people better. They tell me I’m quite good, but I would not like to say so myself.” Betty Dennis. A resident at Hartlepool

As well as the Wii Fit being very enjoyable, it also has many benefits. The Wii fit builds up your fitness, body strength and balance over time depending on how much you use it. In this article, another study was taken in care homes and sheltered housing in greater Manchester and the study revealed that the Wii fit improves their strength, allowed them to stand up for longer, feel younger and much more confident. Overall, I love the Wii fit and think it is an excellent idea. It’s a great way to keep fit and it’s also great fun!

My next resource, I looked at “Productive group work: how to engage with students, build teamwork and promote understanding” by Nancy Frey. When reading this book, as I did not have a huge amount of time, I briefly read the more relevant parts that related to my project. When reading, I came across some interesting facts and studies related to group-working and they relates very well to our brief. I particularly liked the study about the food research and the use of different coloured ink to show the different answers and facts from the students.It showed that when these sentences were pieced together, they formed a small paragraph that gave all the correct information needed about their given food research. A great example of team working! It showed that every member of the team contributed and successfully completed the task they were set.

I think that both articles relate in some way because each article includes some form of “team work or group work”. The first article relating to the quality time parents have with their children when playing games as this is an example of working together and therefore, connects them. In the second source, this book discussed the importance of teamwork in the learning environment and how it could connect students and help them work together.


Fairbairn, Andrew. 2009. Elderly keeping fit with the

Frey, Nancy. 1959. Productive group work: how to engage with students, build teamwork and promote understanding. Nancy Frey, Douglas Fisher, Sandi Everlove. Alexandria, Va.: ASCD, c2009.

Westbrook, Caroline. Playing video games together considered ‘quality time’ for children to bond with older generations. [Online] [23rd August 2011]

Team Meetings!

For a part of this assignment, we had to meet up with another team, in our case, Team 2 .

In Team 1 (our team) there was Colin Adams, Jennifer Heilbronn, Eilidh Alexander, Susan MacLeod and Jana Smuharova. In Team 2 there was Rosa Howie, Dione Bowlt, Alison Best, Eilidh Orr and Alicia Storie

We found this meeting very beneficial as we were able to discuss each teams developed ideas and see how they came to their final idea and vice versa. Our team brief was based on connecting the younger and older generations and our final idea was “The Social Centre”. Team 2 had a brief named “Mine for Life” and their final idea was medical alert jewellery that would have 2 sensors on either side of the body that would determine if the sound was coming from the left or the right of the person. I thought it was a really great idea and that it could become very successful!

Team Discussions. Team 1 & 2

Team 1 & Team 2

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This was a slide show from our team meeting in Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art and Design Library. I found today very successful and found that working with another team really opened my ideas to different ideas and how to approach different things. Something I hope to use more in my own work!


Assignment Three: Looking Up, Looking Down

Assignments, Change By Design

Assignment Three: Looking Up, Looking Down.

In our brainstorming session, our group had to come up with a way of connecting to the older with the younger generation. We thought about a community centre type idea but the word ‘community’ didn’t sound appealing to the younger generation so we renamed it “The Social Centre”. We raised many points in ways that we could connect each generation and I think overall, we done very well as a group as we came up with many different ideas that all linked and could then be taking on into much more detail. So overall, it was a very good team work assignment.

Book with one author

Cullen, Kevin, 1992, Technology and the elderly role of the technology in prolonging the independence of the elderly in the community care context. Luxembourg : Office for Official publications of the European Communities, 1992

I felt that this linked with my topic as it links well with our idea about trying to introduce and teach the elderly (those of whom don’t really use computers) to try to use computers and familiarise themselves with technology. I thought this was a really great idea because there are a lot of different things that computers are capable of now and they could really help benefit the lives of the older generation. For example, most large supermarkets have an online ordering system so you can pick out your online goods and then the store will deliver them to your home. I think this would really help some of the older generation who cannot get around as much as they used to.

World Wide Web Page

Caroline Westbrook. Playing video games together considered ‘quality time’ for children to bond with older generations. [Online] Available: [23rd August 2011]

I think that this article from the Daily Mail is quite interesting and true! My parents used to do it (still do) when my sister and I playing video games and I really liked the bond because I felt as if we could introduce them more into technology and really get them into game playing etc. Not that my parents knew how to work a computer because they did. Video games are just for fun! In the context of our brainstorming idea, I think that it relates particularly well with the idea of introducing the elderly to technology and really getting them connected with different things. I think the idea of introducing technology, video gaming etc to the elderly is a great idea as it gets them more connected with the world and family members that may be more computer literate that their parents. For example, Facebook being a very popular social networking site that attracts the younger generation and now due to its popularity, it has started to get a larger audience of various ages. It could be a way that grand children could connect with their grandparents? Introducing them to Facebook and keeping connected all the time. With video gaming, I think that Nintendo are starting to think about their audiences and have introduced various games that will capture the interest of the older generation as well as the younger generation. For example, Brain Training for Nintendo DS, the Wii Fit for Nintendo Wii.

Book with five authors.

Fisk, Arthur D. Rogers, Wendy A. Clarness, Neil. Czaja, Sara J. Sharit, Joseph. 2004. Designing for Older Adults: Principles and Creative Human Factors Approaches. Boca Raton Fla: CRC; London: Taylor and Francis [distributor] 2009. 2nd Edition.

I think that this book is all about designing the environment around those who are less able or the elderly. I think it raises good ideas because I feel that if you were to design something that was beneficial to those surrounded by it, in this case, the elderly; it would make for a much safer and more trustworthy environment. Also, if it was a community centre of some sort, it could make it much more popular with the older generation as they know that it is a safe place in which they can trust. In the 2nd edition of this book, the authors decided to expand and modify each of the chapters and also ask for feedback from the public so they could discuss those ideas and put them into consideration. This is a really good idea I think because no-one knows an environment better than those who use it all the time. I think it would have given the authors and designers a clear view of what must be done to create a much safer and suitable environment. In the context of our brain storm, I feel it relates very well as we have decided to come up with a place that could be suitable for both the older and the younger generation. It is known as “The Social Centre” and it would be a place that’s accessible to all ages and it is a means of connection between each of the generations. So this book is very interesting as it relates to the actual designs around these generations and how they will benefit them and make the environment a lot more comforting and interesting.

Electronic Resource

Frey, Nancy. 1959. Productive group work: how to engage with students, build teamwork and promote understanding. Nancy Frey, Douglas Fisher, Sandi Everlove. Alexandria, Va.: ASCD, c2009.

I think that this resource highlights the importance of team work/ team building and engaging with students. This relates well to our brainstorm as “the Social Centre” was created to try to connect the older and younger generation through different activities, class, social events etc. So for example, the older generation could teach the younger generation something that they have never tried before, like knitting or classical dancing etc. It would be a great way for the older generation to engage with the younger generation as they would be teaching something that they themselves could be very proud of and want to pass their gift on.

Book with three authors

Hadley, Roger. Farrell, Christine: with a foreword by Lord Seebolm of Hertford and a post script by Reg Smith .Webb, Adrian. 1975. Across the generations: Old people and young volunteers. London: Allen and Unwin, 1975.

This book I think relates very well with our brainstorm as it illustrates the connection between the older and younger generation through volunteering. For example, the younger generation helping out the older generation in ways that will help make their life easier such as, general chores that maybe cannot get done because the older generation may not be as strong as they used to be or something as simple as going to get their food messages from the local supermarket or cleaning their home. It relates well because I feel that was one of the points we were talking about in detail because it’s something that would connect the generations. It could work both ways as well.

World Wide Web page

Fairbairn, Andrew. 2009. Elderly keeping fit with the Wii.

This article discuss’ the importance of the elderly keeping fit and healthy and how they can do it within the comfort of their own homes or care homes. I think this is a really good idea because the Wii is an excellent way to keep fit and it’s very fun! It keeps a track on weight, BMI etc and always provides helpful lifestyle hints. The exercises vary from beginner too much more intense work outs so the older generation wouldn’t have to worry about trying to do something they feel may be too much for them because they can take it at a much slower pace. Also, it further connects them with the younger generation as they could both enjoy it together and share the fun! It could be a form of exercise that could be brought to the idea of “The Social Centre”.

The post links in with my previous assignment post: Assignment Two: Brainstorming.

This is my referencing system for this assignment. Assignment Three. I found this assignment very beneficial as it really opened my eyes to new ways of approaching different ideas and not just to resort back to the Art and Design sections of libraries. It taught me that there is other ways to approach design related projects without looking at a design related book. Overall, I found it quite interesting! A method that I will try in my next projects to come!

There is various websites that I really like to keep up with and I find them really interesting and inspiring! I think that its really good to keep update with different things (especially fashion as my specialism is Textile Design).

and many more!